Translational Adolescent and Childhood Therapeutic Interventions in Compulsive Syndromes
Compulsivity is characterized by a repetitive, irresistible urge to perform a specific behaviour, the experience of loss of voluntary control over this intense urge, the diminished ability to delay or inhibit thoughts or behaviours, and the tendency to perform repetitive acts in a habitual or stereotyped manner. Compulsivity is a cross-disorder trait underlying phenotypically distinct psychiatric disorders that emerge in childhood (autism spectrum disorder, ASD; obsessive-compulsive disorder, OCD) or adolescence (substance abuse).
The project approach integrates clinical data sets for addictive (ADHD high risk for substance use), anxious (OCD) and stereotypical (ASD) compulsive behaviours with highly predictive animal models for new pharmacotherapy. In a series of proof-of-concept studies, the cohesion of structural neuroimaging studies (MRI/DTI), neurochemistry (MRS/microdialysis), behaviour, genetics (GWAS), proteomics and (Bayesian) machine learning tools in both male and female paediatric clinical populations and behavioural animal models will seek to better understand underlying mechanisms related to glutamate dysfunction in frontostriatal circuits and its remediation / prevention by early intervention studies with glutamate-based (riluzole and memantine) clinically used drugs.
The leading drug-based interventions will be tested in pilot Phase IIb-like studies for proof-of-principle efficacy in paediatric OCD and ASD populations. This approach will
1) establish predictive neural, genetic and molecular markers of compulsivity in paediatric populations;
2) provide evidence of disorder modifying pharmacologic strategies as a therapeutic approach;
3) develop a novel animal model for pharmaceutical screening and proof of concept studies;
4) build and valorise a translational biomarker compulsivity database and
5) provide pilot efficacy and safety data in paediatric clinical populations to support future large scale clinical trials according to these strategies.
THE GENERAL HOSPITAL CORPORATION
Administrative contact: John HUREAU (Mr)
Fruit Street 55, BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, UNITED STATES
FP7 Project with U.S. partner